Brief introduction to the art of iconography

from the fall of Constantinople to the 17th c.



Links & bibliography

We regret the absence of some important works and the modest resolution for some others, due to the fact that for this presentation we have compiled icons exclusively from web sources.

We focus our attention mainly on the art of the Greek regions during the first centuries of the Turkish occupation, because knowledge on this period is richer and more complete. There are, though, references to other countries and, wherever is possible, we suggest the relevant links. We trust that, with continuous updates, our pages will cover post-Bzantine art as a total .

The icon left ("The Three Daughters") is a work by Mich. Chomatzas (1734), at Chios Byzantine Museum



  In the text we refer to relevant web sites, sources for the paintings we present, but also useful for further study. There are, though, few web sites on this subject. The list below contains some of the most interesting and useful links:

1. "Archaeology" journal (in Greek). A special issue on Greek painting.

2. The Greek Ministry for Culture. The best and most comprehensive web site on Greek cultural heritage. Start from here to explore the cultural map of Greece, to use a search engine, to research the Greek museums listed by subject, or the Greek monuments listed alphabetically and the Greek archeaological sites. Of special interest are:

The presentation of the exhibition "Treasures of Mount Athos", with links to the complete exhibition catalogue, or chronologic classification of exhibits and particularly of the portable icons.

Athens Byzantine Museum and particularly the exhibition "Ceremony and Faith"

Canellopoulou Museum in Athens

Byzantine Museum of Kastoria

Antivouniotissas Museum in Corfu

St. Aikatherina of Mt. Sinai Collection in Crete

Toplou Monastery Museum in Crete

Museum of Zakynthos

Museum of Kythera

3. Novgorod Icon Gallery, an excellent collection of Russian icons. For a brief introduction to the history of Russian art, we suggest the Russian Culture page by, or the article History of Painting by the Britannica Encyclopaedia.

4. Bulgarian Heritage A (tourist) Bulgarian web site, containing rare for the web information and photographs. Particularly interesting are the Bulgarian Monasteries.

5. Painted Churches of Northern Romania By UNESCO.

6. Serbian Heritage By the Serbian Institute for Protection and Maintenance of Cultural Monuments.

7. Churches and monasteries in the region of Ohrid By the city of Ohrid.

8. For a thorough research on Byzantine and post-Byzantine studies on the web, one should begin with pages as Byzantine Studies Page, Byzantine and Medieval Links Index and History of Romiosini, while there exists also a search engine, Argos, specialised in ancient and medieval history.

9. Greek Index General catalogue with select links for Greece.



For a closer acquaintance, read (in Greek):

1. Manolis Hatzidakis' article "Post-Byzantine Art (1453 - 1700) and its Splendour" in the 10th volume of the History of the Greek Nation (pp. 410 - 437). Ekdotiki Athinon, Athens 1974.

2. In the special issue of Archaeology journal "Greek Painting: Byzantium" (issue 56, July-September 1995), the article "Post-Byzantine Painting: the Frescoes, 15th- 17th Cent." by Miltos Garidis (pp. 21 - 38).

3. "Byzantine Tradition After the Fall of Constantinople" (coll.), MIET, Athens 1994.

4. A book classic in its subject, by A. Xyggopoulos "An Outline of Religious Painting After the Fall of Constantinople". Athens 1957.

5. The special issues of "Sunday Kathimerini" newspaper are interesting and informative:

"Kastoria, the Byzantine Glory", 3/12/95.

"Holy Suffering in Post-Byzantine painting", 12/4/98.

"Post-Byzantine in the Ionian Isles", 22/12/96

6. Full bibliography in the relevant page of the "Ceremony and faith" exhibition of the Athens Byzantine Museum.





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